The first train steamed off from Bombay to Thane, a distance of 34 km on April 16, 1853 at 3:30 p.m. Fourteen railway carriages with 400 distingui- shed guests were hauled by three locomotives named "Sultan","Sindh" and "Sah- ib".
First and oldest extant stations :
Boribunder, Byculla, Sion and Thane stations on the Boribunder-Thane line were the oldest railway stations built at the time of the inaugural run. These are in use even today but have been greatly modified.
Longest Platform :
The platform at Kharagpur, West Bengal, is the longest in the world, and is 833 m, 2733 ft. long.
Only extant tram service :
Calcutta is the only city in India still running tramcars. With 401 cars plying in 34 routes covering a track length of 73 km, the trams carry about 50000 people every day.
First solar powered station :
The first station fully powered by solar energy is Yedakumeri on the Hassan-Mangalore section in Karnataka. The solar powered installed at the village, apart from being used for work at the railway station, is also used for lighting rail staff quarters and yards.
First woman engine driver :
Twenty three year old Surekha Bhonsle on Bombay joined the IR as Trainee Assistant Driver. (1992)
Longest passenger train routes :
The 2601/2602 weekly Guwahati-Trivandrum run covers 3574 km. The longest run for a daily train is that of the Kerala Express running daily between New Delhi and Trivandrum covering a distance of 3054 km in less than two days.
Most tunnels :
The Kalka-Shimla route has 103 tunnels on one section that is less than 100 km. Its 869 bridges cover about 3% of the length of the track.
Fastest Train :
The Shatabdi Express between New Delhi and Bhopal touches 140 km/h. It covers a distance of 194 km between new Delhi and Agra Cantt in an hour and a half. The Shatabdi Express also covers the longest distance with the least stops.
Most expensive tickets :
Tickets on the seven day package tour on the "Palace on Wheels" cost $220 per person per night in 1992.
Train passing through most states :
The Himgiri Express runs between Jammu Tawi and Kanyakumari and passes through Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.
Smallest route :
In 1878, the Siliguri-Darjeeling mountain train, popularily known as "Toy Train", ran a distance of 29 km between Siliguri and Tindharia. It was finally extended to Darjeeling on July 4, 1881. The track between Mettupalayam and Udagamandalam has a rack system covering 46 km. The tarin runs at an average speed of 10.42 km/h.
First electric train :
The first electric train ran from Victoria Terminus to Kurla on February 3, 1925 via the harbour line.
First superfast train :
The New Delhi and Howrah Rajdhani Express was the first superfast train commisioned on March 1, 1969. Its average speed is 130 km/h. The first superfast metre guage train was the Pink City Express which runs at 100 km/h between Delhi and Jaipur.
Split level station :
Sandhurst station on the Bombay-VT line is the only split level station in the country.
Station at the highest altitude :
Ghoom on the Himalayan Darjeeling Railway is 2258m 7408 ft high.
Northernmost railway station :
Jammu Tawi in J & K is the northernmost station.
Southernmost station :
Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu is the southernmost station.
Biggest zonal division :
Northern Railways whch operates on a total of 10,977 km routes is the biggest of the nine zonal divisions of the IR.
Stations with the longest/shortest names :
The station with the longest name, "SRIVENKATANARASIMHARAJIWARIPETA" (Sri-Venkata-Narasimha-Raju-Wari-Peta), is in Andhra Pradesh.
The station with the shortest name, "IB", is in Orissa on the South Eastern Railway.
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